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Arthroplasty is the reconstruction or reshaping of a damaged or diseased joint. This elective surgery most often involves joint replacement, the implantation of an artificial joint.

Only certain patients are good candidates for the procedure, such as those who are in otherwise good health but experience osteoarthritic pain that has not responded to other treatments and that is interfering with daily activities and decreasin quality of life. The relief of joint pain is often considred a driving factor for many patients who receive arthoplasty.

Arthroplasty may be used to:

  • Replace all or part of a joint with a prosthesis
  • Resurface a joint with the patient's own tissue
  • Reshape the bone and cartilage that make up the joint

Arthoplasty is performed under anesthesia and may last several hours. During the procedure, the joint is fully exposed and the damaged bone and cartilage are cut away or reshaped.

Arthroplasty is typically followed by several days in the centre. Medications may be given to ease pain and prevent infection and blood clots. Extensive physical therapy is employed to bring the joint to near-normal function while avoiding complications. Patients typically resume normal activities after two to three months.

Arthroplasty is usually employed as a last resort. Alternatives include physical therapy and arthoscopy. Arthroplasty may greatly improve a patient's quality of life but is not without risks.

Consult our doctor or nurse if you have any question or concerns about Arthroplasty.